Monday, November 23, 2020

History Of Olive Trees

 History Of Olive Trees


 



Olive trees, ‘Olea europaea,’ are the oldest fruit trees and positively are one among the foremost important fruit trees in history. fruit tree culture has been closely connected to the increase and fall of Mediterranean empires and other advanced civilizations throughout the ages. Because olive trees offered wealth and future food supplies to established civilizations, the agricultural nations became stable societies, resulting from a secure expectation from past experience of an uninterrupted food and vegetable oil supply. This factor was a necessary requirement for the increase and increase. Dependable fruit production and vegetable oil production means olive trees must exist during a stable society and a peaceful environment. That stability must extend for several years since most ancient seedling olive trees required eight or more years before ever producing the primary crop of fruit. Productive orchards of olive trees meant that a foundation of the good empires of Greece and Rome had arisen and developed into complex economic and political forces. it's interesting to notice that the historical decline of those empires corresponded to the destruction of their fruit tree orchards that reduced the available supplies of olives, olive oil, olive wood, and olive soap. In reference to the destruction of olive orchards, it's interesting to notice that within the Israeli wars with Palestine, 50,000 olive trees were destroyed by Israeli bulldozers. That act of agricultural destruction resulted in considerable anger and unrest along the Gaza Strip and therefore the West Bank because the economic livelihood of the many Palestinian farmers trusted their products from the uprooted olive trees. Additionally, the fruit tree was historically a ‘peace and goodwill’ symbol, and when the olive trees were leveled near the town of Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus and therefore the “Cradle of Biblical History,” that elimination of olive trees appeared like a deliberate provocation to finish the ‘peace’ with the Palestinian settlers and farmers.



The Greeks recognized that in their vast empire they need to avoid hostilities and war during the amount that the Olympic Games were being conducted and that they declared a worldwide armistice in order that their complete attention might be directed toward their athletic events and games.


Medical properties of vegetable oil were reported by many Ancient Greek writers and philosophers, their importance in creating nutritional benefits and wealth for Greek citizens continues abundantly today–some Greek fruit tree orchards containing 1,000,000 or more trees. Aristotle wrote extensively about the accepted methods of successfully growing olive trees.


Greek mythology records that Athena, the Goddess of wisdom and peace, struck her magic spear into the world, and it became a fruit tree, thus, the situation where the fruit tree appeared and grew was named Athens, Greece, in honor of the Goddess, Athena. Local legend tells us that the first fruit tree still stands growing after many centuries at the traditional sacred site. Citizens still claim that each one Greek fruit tree s originated from rooted cuttings that were grown from that original olive tree. Homer claimed in his writings that the traditional fruit tree growing in Athens was already 10,000 years old. Homer stated that Greek courts sentenced people to death if they destroyed a fruit tree. In 775 BC Olympia, Greece, at the location of the traditional Olympic stadium, athletes competed and trained, and winners were triumphantly acclaimed and crowned with a wreath made from olive twigs. Ancient gold coins that were minted in Athens depicted the face of the Goddess, Athena, wearing an olive leaf wreath on her helmet holding a clay vessel of vegetable oil. The Greeks began olive cultivation in 700 BC. The sacred lamp that was utilized in Ancient Greek culture for lighting dark rooms in the dark was fueled by vegetable oil. Aged vegetable oil was also utilized in sacred anointing rituals of the church at weddings and at baptisms. Herodotus wrote in 500 BC, that the growing and exporting of olives and vegetable oil were so sacred that only virgins and eunuchs were allowed to cultivate orchards of olive trees. the primarily documented plantings of olive trees may have occurred during the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete and are believed to possess been growing around 3500 BC. That civilization predates the discovered Mycenae olive fossils from 1600 BC and later within the Greek empire. Sturt Manning, an archeologist from Cornell University, reported in Live Science Magazine (Apr 28, 2005) that the foremost devastating volcano in 10,000 years occurred on the Greek Island of Thera, after which the town of Akrotiri was totally buried by the falling ash. The finding of olive wood and olive seed fossils buried near the location has shown through radiocarbon dating that the eruption occurred between 1660 and 1600 BC and should have contributed to the entire destruction of the advanced Minoan civilization (Atlantis) on the isle of Crete and should have led to the formation of the Sahara in North Africa after vaporizing the native forests there. 

In the Old Testament of the Hebrew Bible (Gen 8:11), Noah was given a peace offering by a dove after the good flood as a logo of peace and love of God, which it remains today. within the book of Exodus, Moses explains that God expected vegetable oil to be utilized in various rituals that were performed by priests of Israel. vegetable oil was used as an anointing oil to be poured over the heads of Kings and priests that acknowledged their authority as an agent of God. Many other references to olives are given within the Bible. Psalms 52:8 “But I'm just like the olive tree within the house of God, I trust within the steadfast love of God forever and ever.” Finally, Jesus was to spend his Judgment Day praying at the mount of olives garden of Gethsemane, in Jerusalem before his crucifixion. Jesus was arrested there, tried, convicted, crucified, and later ascended to heaven, after His resurrection from the tomb.


Impressionist artists were stunned by the antique age and wonder of olive trees and their productiveness that resulted in masterpiece paintings by van Gogh, Cezanne, Renoir, and Matisse. The world’s great Biblical reporters, literary writers, and poets immortalized the fruit tree, such people as Jesus, Milton, Shakespeare, and Lord Byron.


Thomas Jefferson wrote, “The fruit tree is the richest gift of heaven.” The U.S. Department of Homeland Security has reported “Benjamin Franklin and Jefferson, who traveled abroad, brought material like olive trees and rice back to the U.S. to develop our agricultural production.” Jefferson was the U.S. ambassador to France during the Revolutionary War, and he began to import olive trees and seeds into the southern U.S. The excessive humidity of South Carolina and Georgia didn't allow profitable fruit tree orchards to develop properly in those areas. Jefferson wrote, “The greatest service which may be rendered to any country is to feature a useful plant to its culture.” He ranked his introduction of the fruit tree and dry rice into South Carolina as two of his top lifetime achievements. Jefferson wrote to James Ronaldson on January 13, 1813, “it is now twenty-five years since I sent them (southern planters) two shipments of about 500 plants of the fruit tree of Aix, the best olive trees within the world.”


The fragrant flowers of olive trees are small and creamy white, hidden within the thick leaves. Some cultivars will self pollinate, but others won't. The blossoms usually begin appearing in April and may continue for several months. A wild, seedling fruit tree normally begins to flower and produce fruit at the age of 8 years. The fruit of the fruit tree may be a purplish-black when completely ripe, but a couple of cultivars are green when ripe and a few olives turn a color of copper-brown. the dimensions of the olive fruit are variable, even on an equivalent tree, and therefore the shape ranges from round to oval with pointed ends. Some olives are often eaten fresh after sun-drying and therefore the taste is nice, but most olive cultivars are bitter and must be treated by various chemical solutions before developing into edible olives. If the olives are thinned on the limbs of the trees to 2 or 3 per twig, the last word size of the olives is going to be much larger. The fruit is gathered in mid-October and will be processed as soon as possible to stop fermentation and a decline in quality.


The leaves of olive trees are gray-green and are replaced at 2-3 year intervals during the spring after new growth appears. Pruning yearly and severely is extremely important to ensure continued production. The trees have the unproductive limbs removed, “so that it'll be more fruitful” John 15:2. A fruit tree can grow to 50 feet with a limb spread of 30 feet, but most growers will keep the tree pruned to twenty feet to assure maximum production. New sprouts and trees will emerge from the fruit tree stump roots, albeit the trees are hampered. Some olive trees are believed to be over a thousand years old, and most will live to the ripe adulthood of 500 years.


Olives generally are beaten off trees with poles, harvested mechanically or by shaking the fruit from the trees onto canvas. Most ripening olives are far away from the trees after the bulk of the fruit begins to vary in color. it's important to squeeze out the vegetable oil within each day after harvesting alternatively fermentation or decline in flavor and quality will occur. The vegetable oil is often consumed or utilized in cooking immediately after its collection from the press. Olive oils are unique and distinct, each brand of vegetable oil has its own character, as determined by many factors, like those unique flavor differences found in fine wines. Prepared commercial olive oils can vary greatly in aroma, fruit flavor; whether the taste is, flowery, nutty, delicate, or mild, and therefore the coloring of vegetable oil is sort of variable.


Olive oil produces many health benefits when utilized in cooking or when poured over salads. the utilization of vegetable oil can improve digestion and may benefit heart metabolism through its low content of cholesterol. Experts claim that vegetable oil consumption will cause an individual to grow shiny hair, prevent dandruff, prevent wrinkles, prevent dry skin and acne, strengthen nails, stop muscle aching, lower vital signs and wipe out the consequences of alcohol.


Olive trees can survive droughts and powerful winds, and that they grow well on well-drained soils up to a pH of 8.5 and therefore the trees can tolerate saltwater conditions. In Europe, olive trees are normally fertilized every other year with an organic. Alternate bearing is often avoided by heavy pruning and usually, the trees answer this very quickly and favorably.


Olive trees should be purchased that are vegetatively propagated or grafted because the seed grown trees will revert to a wild type that yields small olives with an insipid taste. Olive trees are more immune to diseases and insects than the other angiospermous tree and, therefore, are sprayed but the other crop.


The Romans conquered Greece in 146 BC, and therefore the victors took olive secrets to Rome, but since then Greece has remained the best exporter of vegetable oil during the centuries. The fruit tree seems to be perfectly adapted for growing within the mild climate of the Mediterranean countries. The trees grow well in dry areas with mild winters and long hot summers, even enduring drought conditions or high winds. the ECU area of the Mediterranean produces 98% of the planet's vegetable oil supply. Olive seeds is believed to possess been delivered to California in 1769 to grow into trees hardy to 12 degrees Fahrenheit. Those olive trees were cultivated within the Franciscan Spanish monasteries.


Even though commercial production of olives within us is merely 2% of the planet market, great interest in growing olives throughout the South has been stimulated by the recent introduction of promising cold hardy olive trees from European hybridizers. Many European immigrants to us grow their own olive trees in large pots, which will be moved in and out of the house during seasonal changes.











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